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How To Make a Dwarf Mango Tree

Posted by Manny on March 5th, 2008

mangoesMango, the country’s national fruit is considered as one of the finest in the world. It is the third most important fruit crop of the country based on export volume and value next to banana and pineapple. It has an established domestic market and has bright opportunities for the international market both in fresh or processed form. The country’s export variety, The “Carabao Mango” is one of the best varieties in the world.

But in order to harvest enough quantities for commercial purposes, you need to have a large land area to plant the trees. And as we are all aware of, mango trees are big and tall so the the harvesting will require labor cost that might not be feasible or might reduce our profit. And in addition to those disadvantages, harvesting is also time consuming and if we will use pesticides bigger trees will cost you more. So what is the solution then? we have to make trees smaller to reduce the overhead expenses. The following is how you create a dwarf mango tree by the technique of LOW BARK GRAFTING AND PRUNING OF MANGO TREE.

Mango like other tropical fruit trees is propagated by several methods:

  • Sexual –through seeds
  • Asexual- vegetative methods

Propagation by seeds results to enormous variability in the progenies. Therefore, asexual or vegetative methods are adopted to get true to type plants.

The technique of cleft grafting of mango in the Philippines is very common using tall and overgrown rootstock ( 1 meter high). Now, a new method of grafting is being


1. High number of trees per hectare
–India-3m x 2.5 m(1,333 plants/ha)
–Israel-3m x 5 m, 5 m x 8 m(200-600 plants/ ha)
–Thailand-200-600 plants/ha
–Australia-200-1000 plants/ha
3rd Mango Marketing Congress, August 15-16, 2006, Davao City

2. Easier management of trees:
- Pruning
- Pests and Disease Monitoring
- Minimal losses of fruits
- Minimal damage and bruises
- Easier bagging and harvesting
- Efficiency in spraying

So if you wanted to learn how to graft the mango tree, here are steps in Low Bark Grafting:

  • Prepare a mango root stock, it’s a mango seedling having a stem big enough to be grafted as shown in the picture below.

mango bark grafting

  • Decapitate or cut the stem leaving about 2 to 20 cm from the ground. Make a thin side cut in the bark so that you can insert the scion to graft it in. Take note that this is different from cleft grafting which is the most simplest kind of grafting where the cut is on the center of the stem. In bark grafting, only the bark should be cut to insert the scion. For more info with regards to grafting, follow this link => Grafting and Budding Nursery Crop Plants

mango bark grafting

  • Prepare the scion and cut the leaves. Only the stem should be left.

mango bark grafting

  • Make a V-shape cut on the end of the scion stem. Insert the scion into the side cut of the rootstock.

mango bark grafting

  • Wrap the joint of the rootstock and the scion tightly using a plastic strip.

mango bark grafting

  • Decapitate the apex to induce branching. Pinch-off the growing point to induce branching.

mango bark grafting

  • After 30 days expose the plants to little sunlight for hardening.

mango bark grafting

There you have it. It looks simple enough but I think the waiting is the hardest part. But after the many months of waiting it to grow, it will look like the picture below. Maybe after six years it will bear fruit and ready for mango fruit production.

dwarf mango tree

Source: (Dept. of Agriculture, Philippines)

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Manny Montala was an online entrepreneur who enjoys blogging about entrepreneurship and gathering information for his blog to help budding entrepreneurs. You can also reach him on twitter: this post? Why not share it with your friends on facebook? Click the facebook share button!

73 Responses to “How To Make a Dwarf Mango Tree”

  1. pete says:

    Im growing 2 mango trees and they are growing pretty fast, they seem healthy. I plan to graft them. Can you give me an idea on where to get the mature tree bud/branch so I can use to graft them with??

  2. Vinit Kumar says:

    Its really good information. i was searching this information from many years. i hope i can also do it.

  3. Virgilio Loquias says:

    Pete, The mature shoot usually pencil size can be used for grafting. When it is mature, the leaves are dark green and shiny.Hope you can find the best shoot. Thank you and best regards. Veer

  4. Piojo777 says:

    Thanks so much for the info I was always wondering how do they do it now I put hands on practice… Thank You….

  5. Basil says:

    Hi, I have planted 4 mango trees and it is into its 5 year now. Have began to take an interest to care for it now. I discovered that the stem or branches have a lot of stem borers which makes the stems hollow. Any suggestion to cure the trees? Thanks.

  6. Virgilio Loquias says:

    Basil, Shoot borer can be controlled by spraying any insecticide recommended for mango ( Pyrethroids). Spray the insecticide at the onset of flushing or emergence of the new leaves. Hoping that you will solved your problem. Thank you. From Veer Loquias

  7. missgiftsphilippines says:

    your idea is kinda good. never thought of that. :)

  8. matilde lei says:

    i’m from davao city and very much interested in dwarf fruit trees really fascinated with dwarf mango trees and any other dwarf fruit trees available in the market but i dont where to buy them could you please tell me if they’re available here in davao city or from any provinces nearby hope you could help me find them.thanks so much

  9. matilde lei says:

    will these dwarf trees can survive and produce good fruits if i plant them in large plant box?

  10. matilde lei says:

    i have a 6yrs old mango tree in my backyard but it bear 2pcs. of fruit naturally just one’s and never did again, i don’t go for chemical treatment will it bear fruit again? what organic fertilizer can you suggest. thanks so much

  11. lito S. Lomahan says:

    Mr. V. Loquias; What kind of insecticide/fungicide to use in grafting mangoes? I have a 5-year old mango from seed and I want it to bear fruit in two years time. Where could I get a Chocanan from Thailand and Guimaras scion. I also heard that there is a mixture of fertilizer that makes a fruit very sweet.Is this a proprietary mixture? I tasted one in Sison ,Pangasinan and it is really very…very sweet.Lito Lomahan

  12. Eric says:

    Hi there, We have 30 mango trees in our small farm in Antipolo. I just wanna ask if anyone who knows someone who does contract in mango spraying…? And how much if you can tell? My email: Thanks,

  13. Virgilio Loquias says:

    Lei, Lito Lomahan, LOlamarge Fruit Nursery in Mintal, Davao City(Davao-Bukidnon Road are selling Low-bark grafted plants.Chokanan and Guimaras variety are also available. Potassium Nitrate can be used as foliar spray for flower induction at the rate of 2-3 percent.Chicken dung or Vermicast can be used as organic fertilizer. VEER

  14. edmund says:

    Veer, Where can I purchase low bark grafted Nam doc mai? just a few pieces. Thanks. Edmund

  15. aminmukesh says:

    i would like to have all information regarding fruits growing in india

  16. Mohannad bashir says:

    Hi , thank you for this issue ,it shows that you are genius scientist.I,m working in mango grafting ,I want to make Msc thesis in this issue ,please help me ,i beg your E-mail is

  17. Chris says:

    Good article. I haven’t really tried so I have a couple of questions. Can we dwarf any mango variety? While we’re at it, can the same principle applied to most trees? How’s the survival rate when you do low bark grafting? Do you also have a feature on how to propogate more mango trees from one tree?

  18. VER LOQUIAS says:

    Chris, yes you can control the height of a tree like mango through training and pruning. Edmund. you can buy Nam Docmai mango from Lolamarge Fruit Nursery located in Mintal, Davao City,besides Petron Gasoline Station.

  19. Chris says:

    Training and pruning? Do you mean always cutting off the top part? Do trees always survive low bark grafting? I’m in the process of drying a couple of mango seeds. Do they have a chance if the mangoes were stored in the ref?

  20. VER LOQUIAS says:

    Dear Basher; Just contact me in this adress. I have visited India twice in Gujarat and Marahastra. The variety of mango famous in the locality is the Alphonso and Kesar.This varieites are good in quality. I was there to visit the growers of Desai Fruits and Vegetables and Cold Storage in Navsari, Gujarat.That was in the year 2005 and 2006. If you have some inquiries just send your questions. Thank you and more power. VIRGILIO L. LOQUIAS

  21. imee says:

    How about 4 year trees already planted on the ground. Can we still apply the bark grafting?

  22. Chris and his Mango Graft says:

    Hi! I tried grafting with a mature tree. I cut about an inch deep into the bark (it’s pretty hard). Is that deep enough for my grafted branch to survive?

  23. noel lipomano says:

    nagtanim po ako ng 30 ka puno na manga pero di ko alam kung anu ang susunod kung gagawin para maganda ung laki ng mga manga ko, mainit kasi ngaun sa dating palayan ko sya tananim diniligan ko tuwing hapon kalahati ng balde ang dinidilig ko tama ba ung ginawa, magpaturo ako kung kaylan ko sya lalagyan ng fertilizer at anung klasing fertilizer. Maraming salamat

  24. mohan dashrath kamble says:

    small tree big mangoes with sweet test like in india totapuri. best for all time..

  25. mohan dasharath kamble says:

    if u love plant . he love u for give u better effect in ur tree best test in mangos extended their qualities and test . u love ur plant… they lov u…

  26. socheat says:

    hi! everybody my e-mail is pinsocheat if you have important website that involve aboat agriculture please send to me ? thank for you send on this website i live in Cambodia (Angkor Wat)

  27. Rajeev Jagessur says:

    Hats off to your company. This Website is really a plus to novice who can learn how to graft. Thanks and best wishes for your company RJ

  28. Miles says:

    Hi all! Can someone please tell me….What are the plastic bags for on the growing fruit? I have seen this in Hawaii also and assume it protects the fruit from something but not sure.

  29. Manuel says:

    @Miles It’s for protecting the fruit from bugs.

  30. Miles says:

    Ahhh. Makes sense. Thank you!

  31. dindo andres says:

    hillow po im dindo balak ko po magtanim ng carabao mango..mayalam po ba kayo pwdi ko pagbihan dto sa ilocos sur..?dito kasi ako baguio nakatira maylupa kasi kami sa ilocos sur at gusto ko po taniman ng mango thankls

  32. Manuel says:

    @dindo andres Sorry wala po akong alam na nagbebenta ng mango tree. Siguro baka may magvisit na seller dito sa post ko.

  33. imee says:

    Is there any way to graft 4 yr. old trees already planted on the ground?

  34. LAME JR. says:


  35. imee says:

    Well, if they are already planted on the ground, can we try covering them to protect from direct sunlight until they recover? Much like putting a tent over the newly grafted tree. I think Bernie Dizon did this in Mr. Capulong’s orchard. He more or less made a Batangas tree into a chokonan(?) tree. Is pencil like diameter is good for grafting, is there such a thing as too big to graft? Can we do this on a branch instead of directly on the trunk?

  36. lourdes says:

    would like to purchase quality philippine mango seeds, please send email to lourdes addy: asap. thanks

  37. DIWATA ZAMASTA says:

    Hi, I live in Texas and have 45 mango tree about 5 ft tall in a pot. Our farm has snow every year. I am afraid to transfer these plants to the ground, they might die. Can I grow mango in pots and would they bear fruits? Thanks

  38. Virgilio says:

    We had planted 8 mango trees bought from one of our nurseries here in Pangasinan. I’ve seen that the young leaves are falling. I really don’t know what to do. Kindly tell me what insecticide should I use to kill the insects. Any information please. Thanks.

  39. VER LOQUIAS says:


  40. VER LOQUIAS says:

    Putting covers after grafting is a standard practice especially during rainy season.Covering in any form or material will protect the graft union from absorbing water which cause its death of the grafts. Grafting on big trees can also be done but you need to use rubber bands for tying the union for better and faster callus or approach.If tying is loose, then grafts will die. The size of the scion can be pencil size for small 6-12 months old rootstocks using the cleft grafting method and for bigger rootstocks you can adopt low bark grafting.

  41. VER LOQUIAS says:

    You can grow mangos with bigger sizes of bags or pots.

  42. KANTI PATEL says:

    I am looking for 10 mango trees for my yard. I am looking for haden or kent mango trees. If 3 gallon plant also ok for me. Please let me know where I can get it? and how much cost for each plant?diwata zamasta (texas)has 5 ft. trees in a pot in a farm? is this a rootstock or dwarf mango trees. send me a email. Please.

  43. KANTI PATEL says:

    please send me a email where i can get mango trees name HADEN OR KENT MANGO

  44. VER LOQUIAS says:

    Hello Mr Patel. Your name is very common in India. Haden and kent are famous in Florida. We have also planted haden and kent here in Davao City, Mindanao, Philippines. We have also the heaviest mango in the World which is planted in Iligan city, Lanao del Norte. This is already registered in Book of Guiness. VEER LOQUIAS

  45. BELINDA says:

    I learn alot from this website and i could apply this much info into my farm. More power and hope to learn more.

  46. Maria Socorro Modequillo - Bodiongan says:

    Thank you Mr. Veer Loquias for mentioning the heaviest mango in the World that was already certified by the Guinness World Records and featured in page 144 of the Guinness World Records book – 2011 Edition.

  47. sarwan kumar yadav says:

    Hi, leave in UP faizabad have 20 mango trees,12 gouva tree ,im also intrested in lemon have 15 on grafted plant .but they are not grow as i think but ,i dont know also how to care them i have no idea to mentain them but im very intrested in plantation .I have also meny typr flower but also i am unable to taking care my rose plant any how……. Please sujest me how to maintain these plant and update regarding plantation … i will be very thank full to you.

  48. jun cabs says:

    am a mango grower, my advise to the mango stakeholders, concentrate more on the production, on how to have an abundant harvest and how to control pest and diseases, these know how will determine the outcome if you are a succesful mango grower, if your attending seminars insist on the lecturer to discuss more on the mango production, like when to induce the trees, what chemicals to use and other concern relative to fruit development. for that is the reason why you plant the tree to have an abundant harvest and make money…

  49. alid says:

    hi iam from yemen in sub tropical area and we have mango tree in my farm i want to join my experiance with you freinds

  50. akshay chorghe says:

    can we do the same thing with the guava tree plz tell me

  51. Lito S. Lomahan says:

    VEER, I have tried low bark grafting with 10 pencil sized seedlings,but only 2 survived. Tried to graft higher 10 seedlings and 8 out of 10 grafts survived,80 %.FOUND out that leaving 2to3 leaves below the graft helps the plant to nourish the graft and more chance of survival. I ALSO TOP-WORKED A TWO YEAR OLD PLANT. An Indian mango root-stock with a Chocanan(Thailand mango) scion and it bore 5fruits in two years with about 500grms each fruit. THIS happened in Sison, Pangasinan PI. I have around 1500 5to6-yr old doubled root-stock grafted in Sison n Pozorrubio,Pangasinan,mixed varieties of Chocanan ,Guimaras, Sweet Elena, Golden Queen,and Lamao.CHOCANAN BEARS fruit after two years. I AM

  52. akshay chorghe says:

    in which period we should do the dwarf mango and can we use the plastic tape plz tell me as soon as posible

  53. vinit kumar says:

    Hi, I am from North India. I tried two time to get a bark grafted mango plant. Both time I got failed. I don’t understand the reason. I tried to do the things same as mentioned the tutorial. Some where I did mistake that I am not able to find. Please suggest some good suggestion to get success. One more thing – can you suggest in which month I can try it in North India? Thanks in advance, Vinit

  54. lame jr. says:

    yes u can do it again, first what you should know is try and protect it from sunlight for at least two weeks and also after you do it it will require much water, and the best time to do it is when the weather is a little warm or hot so that it will shoot in good time, i tried it last two weeks and they are all successful though i am in west Africa. it is now raining but is our best time now.

  55. shella says:

    sir, several years back we planted some grafted mango trees to our farm but unfortunately the grafted part dies and only the rootstock survived to become “manggang bisaya” as my mother would say..can we still graft that tree with the carabao mango variety or shall i just have it uprooted and plant a newly grafted seedling? sayang po kasi yung puno…please help!

  56. Lito S. Lomahan says:

    Dear Ms Shella: Dont despair. If the branches are pencil size you could TOP-WORK with a Cleft Graft with any good variety of Carabao Mango. If the branches are now too large i.e.,2 or more inches in diameter cut the branch with pruning saw,but leave a nursing branch to manufacture its food. Wait for 6 t0 8 months for a new branch to sprout,leave 3to 4 branches by pinching off the rest. AS the new branch are pencil size then cleft graft. Try to find A Thai CHOCANAN cultivar that bear fruits in two (2) years. I have lots of Chocanan scion in Sison ,Pangasinan. There chocanan scion also available from Bernie Dizon at Magalang, Pampanga. I LIVE in Illinois,USA going to Sison by September . If you want more info,pls email me. Lito S Lomahan

  57. imee says:

    @Lito Hey, we go to the same guy. Very sweet himself, Ka Bernie.

  58. Lito S. Lomahan says:

    Mr. Ver Loquias: I saw your reply to Mr. Kanti Patel that a Kent mango is availble at Davao. There are Kent mango fruits for sale here in Chicago, Illinois USA from Mexico. This mango is very delicious like the chocanan from Thailand. I am interested to obtain a scion from your orchard to graft or to top-work into my seedlings at Sison Pangasinan. How could I contact you by Text. Internet is not available in the Barangay where I live. Ill be home a couple of months Sept. Lito Lomahan

  59. VER LOQUIAS says:

    LIT; TRY TO VISIT INSTITUTE OF PLANT BREEDING(ipb) in Los Banos., Laguna. Malay0 na dito sa Davao. from : ver loquias

  60. imee says:

    Try to contact Ka Bernie–09175114404. He personally will tend to his babies.

  61. cheryl mae Balili says:

    im cheryl mae i have a problem this activety can you help me…………………………………………….

  62. lame jr. says:

    what is your problem in particular cheryl?

  63. NELLY says:


  64. VER LOQUIAS says:

    Nel; puede dito sa BPI-Davao ka mag training. turuan kita

  65. FRED MATEO says:

    I tried grafting roses in my garden in San Francisco, CA . I grafted 10 scions, only one was successful. I do not know what I did wrong. But my suspicion is that I have a bad scion. The successful one is going to have flowers, a small flower variety with five or more flowers in one stem. I do not know what kind of rose it is. The rootstock bears bigger flowers one flower in one stem. I tried grafting a calamansi scion to a avocado and apple tree. Did not do any good. I suspect they are not compatible. Please give some input. Thanks Fred

  66. concessa says:

    Squirrels are eating my mango? Do do you suggest I do to protect them?

  67. Lito S Lomahan says:

    Concessa: If your mango tree is standing alone and far from other trees or fence, prune the lower branch of the mango so the nasty squirrel could not jump from the ground to the branch, then try wrapping the trunk snug fit with a galvanized thin sheet metal from about a foot from the ground to about 36 inches upward. The sheet metal is slippery, hopefully this would solve your problem. Pls let me if it works. Lito S lomahan

  68. virgilio loquias says:

    fred,, yes its true that calamansi is not compatible with can graft or bud calamansi to any citrus family..

  69. don lerum says:

    Hi. please help me this- Im planning to grow mangoes on my 2hectares lot in calaug quezon but locals from that place says that Mangoes is not good in that area- it grows but didnt bear fruits- sometimes I almost agree with them -I saw several mangoes tress 5 years or more not producing any fruits- MAy I know your opinion on this- Thanks in advance don

  70. Cosyns Hugo says:

    Where can we buy in Thailand, i need a lot hugo

  71. paul says:

    hi can u advice me where i can training how to make mango fruits,because i have alot of mango trees its already my hometown molave zamboanga del sur

  72. Kennedy Ogham says:

    I would like to be updated via your newsletters. I am very much interested in Agriculture and Agro Business. Was trained on how to rear Grasscutter, Snail and Catfish. Hope to hear from you soonest. Thanks.

  73. LITO S. LOMAHAN says:


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