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How To Make a Dwarf Mango Tree

mangoesMango, the country’s national fruit is considered as one of the finest in the world. It is the third most important fruit crop of the country based on export volume and value next to banana and pineapple. It has an established domestic market and has bright opportunities for the international market both in fresh or processed form. The country’s export variety, The “Carabao Mango” is one of the best varieties in the world.

But in order to harvest enough quantities for commercial purposes, you need to have a large land area to plant the trees. And as we are all aware of, mango trees are big and tall so the the harvesting will require labor cost that might not be feasible or might reduce our profit. And in addition to those disadvantages, harvesting is also time consuming and if we will use pesticides bigger trees will cost you more. So what is the solution then? we have to make trees smaller to reduce the overhead expenses. The following is how you create a dwarf mango tree by the technique of LOW BARK GRAFTING AND PRUNING OF MANGO TREE.

Mango like other tropical fruit trees is propagated by several methods:

Propagation by seeds results to enormous variability in the progenies. Therefore, asexual or vegetative methods are adopted to get true to type plants.

The technique of cleft grafting of mango in the Philippines is very common using tall and overgrown rootstock ( 1 meter high). Now, a new method of grafting is being


1. High number of trees per hectare
–India-3m x 2.5 m(1,333 plants/ha)
–Israel-3m x 5 m, 5 m x 8 m(200-600 plants/ ha)
–Thailand-200-600 plants/ha
–Australia-200-1000 plants/ha
3rd Mango Marketing Congress, August 15-16, 2006, Davao City

2. Easier management of trees:
- Pruning
- Pests and Disease Monitoring
- Minimal losses of fruits
- Minimal damage and bruises
- Easier bagging and harvesting
- Efficiency in spraying

So if you wanted to learn how to graft the mango tree, here are steps in Low Bark Grafting:

mango bark grafting

mango bark grafting

mango bark grafting

mango bark grafting

mango bark grafting

mango bark grafting

mango bark grafting

There you have it. It looks simple enough but I think the waiting is the hardest part. But after the many months of waiting it to grow, it will look like the picture below. Maybe after six years it will bear fruit and ready for mango fruit production.

dwarf mango tree

Source: hvcc.da.gov.ph (Dept. of Agriculture, Philippines)

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By Blogsdna

Posted by on March 5, 2008.

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Categories: Agri Business

75 Responses

  1. Im growing 2 mango trees and they are growing pretty fast, they seem healthy. I plan to graft them. Can you give me an idea on where to get the mature tree bud/branch so I can use to graft them with??

    by pete on Mar 17, 2009 at 3:18 am

  2. Its really good information. i was searching this information from many years. i hope i can also do it.

    by Vinit Kumar on May 8, 2009 at 9:09 pm

  3. Pete, The mature shoot usually pencil size can be used for grafting. When it is mature, the leaves are dark green and shiny.Hope you can find the best shoot. Thank you and best regards. Veer

    by Virgilio Loquias on Jun 23, 2009 at 1:46 pm

  4. Thanks so much for the info I was always wondering how do they do it now I put hands on practice… Thank You….

    by Piojo777 on Jul 1, 2009 at 12:07 pm

  5. Hi, I have planted 4 mango trees and it is into its 5 year now. Have began to take an interest to care for it now. I discovered that the stem or branches have a lot of stem borers which makes the stems hollow. Any suggestion to cure the trees? Thanks.

    by Basil on Jul 2, 2009 at 2:16 pm

  6. Basil, Shoot borer can be controlled by spraying any insecticide recommended for mango ( Pyrethroids). Spray the insecticide at the onset of flushing or emergence of the new leaves. Hoping that you will solved your problem. Thank you. From Veer Loquias

    by Virgilio Loquias on Jul 27, 2009 at 8:51 pm

  7. your idea is kinda good. never thought of that. :)

    by missgiftsphilippines on Jul 31, 2009 at 12:56 am

  8. i’m from davao city and very much interested in dwarf fruit trees really fascinated with dwarf mango trees and any other dwarf fruit trees available in the market but i dont where to buy them could you please tell me if they’re available here in davao city or from any provinces nearby hope you could help me find them.thanks so much

    by matilde lei on Aug 19, 2009 at 6:27 pm

  9. will these dwarf trees can survive and produce good fruits if i plant them in large plant box?

    by matilde lei on Aug 19, 2009 at 6:33 pm

  10. i have a 6yrs old mango tree in my backyard but it bear 2pcs. of fruit naturally just one’s and never did again, i don’t go for chemical treatment will it bear fruit again? what organic fertilizer can you suggest. thanks so much

    by matilde lei on Aug 21, 2009 at 1:36 pm

  11. Mr. V. Loquias; What kind of insecticide/fungicide to use in grafting mangoes? I have a 5-year old mango from seed and I want it to bear fruit in two years time. Where could I get a Chocanan from Thailand and Guimaras scion. I also heard that there is a mixture of fertilizer that makes a fruit very sweet.Is this a proprietary mixture? I tasted one in Sison ,Pangasinan and it is really very…very sweet.Lito Lomahan

    by lito S. Lomahan on Aug 25, 2009 at 8:39 am

  12. Hi there, We have 30 mango trees in our small farm in Antipolo. I just wanna ask if anyone who knows someone who does contract in mango spraying…? And how much if you can tell? My email: air7210@gmail.com. Thanks,

    by Eric on Aug 29, 2009 at 4:55 am

  13. Lei, Lito Lomahan, LOlamarge Fruit Nursery in Mintal, Davao City(Davao-Bukidnon Road are selling Low-bark grafted plants.Chokanan and Guimaras variety are also available. Potassium Nitrate can be used as foliar spray for flower induction at the rate of 2-3 percent.Chicken dung or Vermicast can be used as organic fertilizer. VEER

    by Virgilio Loquias on Sep 7, 2009 at 8:56 pm

  14. Veer, Where can I purchase low bark grafted Nam doc mai? just a few pieces. Thanks. Edmund

    by edmund on Nov 14, 2009 at 5:04 pm

  15. i would like to have all information regarding fruits growing in india

    by aminmukesh on Dec 7, 2009 at 11:56 pm

  16. Hi , thank you for this issue ,it shows that you are genius scientist.I,m working in mango grafting ,I want to make Msc thesis in this issue ,please help me ,i beg your pardon.my E-mail is mohannadbashir@gmail.com

    by Mohannad bashir on Dec 20, 2009 at 4:57 pm

  17. Good article. I haven’t really tried so I have a couple of questions. Can we dwarf any mango variety? While we’re at it, can the same principle applied to most trees? How’s the survival rate when you do low bark grafting? Do you also have a feature on how to propogate more mango trees from one tree?

    by Chris on Jan 4, 2010 at 9:34 am

  18. Chris, yes you can control the height of a tree like mango through training and pruning. Edmund. you can buy Nam Docmai mango from Lolamarge Fruit Nursery located in Mintal, Davao City,besides Petron Gasoline Station.

    by VER LOQUIAS on Jan 11, 2010 at 2:17 pm

  19. Training and pruning? Do you mean always cutting off the top part? Do trees always survive low bark grafting? I’m in the process of drying a couple of mango seeds. Do they have a chance if the mangoes were stored in the ref?

    by Chris on Jan 11, 2010 at 10:49 pm

  20. Dear Basher; Just contact me in this adress. I have visited India twice in Gujarat and Marahastra. The variety of mango famous in the locality is the Alphonso and Kesar.This varieites are good in quality. I was there to visit the growers of Desai Fruits and Vegetables and Cold Storage in Navsari, Gujarat.That was in the year 2005 and 2006. If you have some inquiries just send your questions. Thank you and more power. VIRGILIO L. LOQUIAS

    by VER LOQUIAS on Jan 12, 2010 at 1:35 pm

  21. How about 4 year trees already planted on the ground. Can we still apply the bark grafting?

    by imee on Jan 22, 2010 at 9:29 pm

  22. Hi! I tried grafting with a mature tree. I cut about an inch deep into the bark (it’s pretty hard). Is that deep enough for my grafted branch to survive?

    by Chris and his Mango Graft on Feb 20, 2010 at 2:47 pm

  23. nagtanim po ako ng 30 ka puno na manga pero di ko alam kung anu ang susunod kung gagawin para maganda ung laki ng mga manga ko, mainit kasi ngaun sa dating palayan ko sya tananim diniligan ko tuwing hapon kalahati ng balde ang dinidilig ko tama ba ung ginawa, magpaturo ako kung kaylan ko sya lalagyan ng fertilizer at anung klasing fertilizer. Maraming salamat

    by noel lipomano on Feb 22, 2010 at 11:06 am

  24. small tree big mangoes with sweet test like in india totapuri. best for all time..

    by mohan dashrath kamble on Mar 11, 2010 at 8:05 pm

  25. if u love plant . he love u for give u better effect in ur tree best test in mangos extended their qualities and test . u love ur plant… they lov u…

    by mohan dasharath kamble on Apr 17, 2010 at 6:58 am

  26. hi! everybody my e-mail is pinsocheat @yahoo.com if you have important website that involve aboat agriculture please send to me ? thank for you send on this website i live in Cambodia (Angkor Wat)

    by socheat on May 4, 2010 at 4:46 pm

  27. Hats off to your company. This Website is really a plus to novice who can learn how to graft. Thanks and best wishes for your company RJ

    by Rajeev Jagessur on May 22, 2010 at 1:52 pm

  28. Hi all! Can someone please tell me….What are the plastic bags for on the growing fruit? I have seen this in Hawaii also and assume it protects the fruit from something but not sure.

    by Miles on Jun 27, 2010 at 6:16 am

  29. @Miles It’s for protecting the fruit from bugs.

    by Manuel on Jun 27, 2010 at 11:13 am

  30. Ahhh. Makes sense. Thank you!

    by Miles on Jun 27, 2010 at 6:58 pm

  31. hillow po im dindo balak ko po magtanim ng carabao mango..mayalam po ba kayo pwdi ko pagbihan dto sa ilocos sur..?dito kasi ako baguio nakatira maylupa kasi kami sa ilocos sur at gusto ko po taniman ng mango thankls

    by dindo andres on Jul 11, 2010 at 4:17 pm

  32. @dindo andres Sorry wala po akong alam na nagbebenta ng mango tree. Siguro baka may magvisit na seller dito sa post ko.

    by Manuel on Jul 12, 2010 at 9:47 am

  33. Is there any way to graft 4 yr. old trees already planted on the ground?

    by imee on Jul 15, 2010 at 8:01 pm


    by LAME JR. on Jul 16, 2010 at 1:14 am

  35. Well, if they are already planted on the ground, can we try covering them to protect from direct sunlight until they recover? Much like putting a tent over the newly grafted tree. I think Bernie Dizon did this in Mr. Capulong’s orchard. He more or less made a Batangas tree into a chokonan(?) tree. Is pencil like diameter is good for grafting, is there such a thing as too big to graft? Can we do this on a branch instead of directly on the trunk?

    by imee on Jul 18, 2010 at 6:01 am

  36. would like to purchase quality philippine mango seeds, please send email to lourdes addy: diver5@emirates.net.ae. asap. thanks

    by lourdes on Aug 5, 2010 at 6:43 pm

  37. Hi, I live in Texas and have 45 mango tree about 5 ft tall in a pot. Our farm has snow every year. I am afraid to transfer these plants to the ground, they might die. Can I grow mango in pots and would they bear fruits? Thanks

    by DIWATA ZAMASTA on Sep 29, 2010 at 1:51 am

  38. We had planted 8 mango trees bought from one of our nurseries here in Pangasinan. I’ve seen that the young leaves are falling. I really don’t know what to do. Kindly tell me what insecticide should I use to kill the insects. Any information please. Thanks.

    by Virgilio on Sep 30, 2010 at 12:45 pm


    by VER LOQUIAS on Oct 1, 2010 at 9:12 pm

  40. Putting covers after grafting is a standard practice especially during rainy season.Covering in any form or material will protect the graft union from absorbing water which cause its death of the grafts. Grafting on big trees can also be done but you need to use rubber bands for tying the union for better and faster callus or approach.If tying is loose, then grafts will die. The size of the scion can be pencil size for small 6-12 months old rootstocks using the cleft grafting method and for bigger rootstocks you can adopt low bark grafting.

    by VER LOQUIAS on Oct 1, 2010 at 9:26 pm

  41. You can grow mangos with bigger sizes of bags or pots.

    by VER LOQUIAS on Oct 1, 2010 at 9:28 pm

  42. I am looking for 10 mango trees for my yard. I am looking for haden or kent mango trees. If 3 gallon plant also ok for me. Please let me know where I can get it? and how much cost for each plant?diwata zamasta (texas)has 5 ft. trees in a pot in a farm? is this a rootstock or dwarf mango trees. send me a email. Please.

    by KANTI PATEL on Oct 2, 2010 at 9:08 am

  43. please send me a email where i can get mango trees name HADEN OR KENT MANGO

    by KANTI PATEL on Oct 2, 2010 at 9:10 am

  44. Hello Mr Patel. Your name is very common in India. Haden and kent are famous in Florida. We have also planted haden and kent here in Davao City, Mindanao, Philippines. We have also the heaviest mango in the World which is planted in Iligan city, Lanao del Norte. This is already registered in Book of Guiness. VEER LOQUIAS

    by VER LOQUIAS on Oct 3, 2010 at 8:10 pm

  45. I learn alot from this website and i could apply this much info into my farm. More power and hope to learn more.

    by BELINDA on Dec 10, 2010 at 1:00 pm

  46. Thank you Mr. Veer Loquias for mentioning the heaviest mango in the World that was already certified by the Guinness World Records and featured in page 144 of the Guinness World Records book – 2011 Edition.

    by Maria Socorro Modequillo - Bodiongan on Feb 23, 2011 at 9:58 pm

  47. Hi, leave in UP faizabad have 20 mango trees,12 gouva tree ,im also intrested in lemon have 15 on grafted plant .but they are not grow as i think but ,i dont know also how to care them i have no idea to mentain them but im very intrested in plantation .I have also meny typr flower but also i am unable to taking care my rose plant any how……. Please sujest me how to maintain these plant and update regarding plantation … i will be very thank full to you.

    by sarwan kumar yadav on Mar 13, 2011 at 8:46 am

  48. am a mango grower, my advise to the mango stakeholders, concentrate more on the production, on how to have an abundant harvest and how to control pest and diseases, these know how will determine the outcome if you are a succesful mango grower, if your attending seminars insist on the lecturer to discuss more on the mango production, like when to induce the trees, what chemicals to use and other concern relative to fruit development. for that is the reason why you plant the tree to have an abundant harvest and make money…

    by jun cabs on Mar 24, 2011 at 4:52 pm

  49. hi iam from yemen in sub tropical area and we have mango tree in my farm i want to join my experiance with you freinds

    by alid on Apr 27, 2011 at 1:09 am

  50. can we do the same thing with the guava tree plz tell me

    by akshay chorghe on May 26, 2011 at 7:06 pm

  51. VEER, I have tried low bark grafting with 10 pencil sized seedlings,but only 2 survived. Tried to graft higher 10 seedlings and 8 out of 10 grafts survived,80 %.FOUND out that leaving 2to3 leaves below the graft helps the plant to nourish the graft and more chance of survival. I ALSO TOP-WORKED A TWO YEAR OLD PLANT. An Indian mango root-stock with a Chocanan(Thailand mango) scion and it bore 5fruits in two years with about 500grms each fruit. THIS happened in Sison, Pangasinan PI. I have around 1500 5to6-yr old doubled root-stock grafted in Sison n Pozorrubio,Pangasinan,mixed varieties of Chocanan ,Guimaras, Sweet Elena, Golden Queen,and Lamao.CHOCANAN BEARS fruit after two years. I AM

    by Lito S. Lomahan on May 28, 2011 at 5:56 am

  52. in which period we should do the dwarf mango and can we use the plastic tape plz tell me as soon as posible

    by akshay chorghe on Jun 3, 2011 at 4:48 pm

  53. Hi, I am from North India. I tried two time to get a bark grafted mango plant. Both time I got failed. I don’t understand the reason. I tried to do the things same as mentioned the tutorial. Some where I did mistake that I am not able to find. Please suggest some good suggestion to get success. One more thing – can you suggest in which month I can try it in North India? Thanks in advance, Vinit

    by vinit kumar on Jun 22, 2011 at 3:26 pm

  54. yes u can do it again, first what you should know is try and protect it from sunlight for at least two weeks and also after you do it it will require much water, and the best time to do it is when the weather is a little warm or hot so that it will shoot in good time, i tried it last two weeks and they are all successful though i am in west Africa. it is now raining but is our best time now.

    by lame jr. on Jun 23, 2011 at 4:26 pm

  55. sir, several years back we planted some grafted mango trees to our farm but unfortunately the grafted part dies and only the rootstock survived to become “manggang bisaya” as my mother would say..can we still graft that tree with the carabao mango variety or shall i just have it uprooted and plant a newly grafted seedling? sayang po kasi yung puno…please help!

    by shella on Jul 15, 2011 at 6:08 pm

  56. Dear Ms Shella: Dont despair. If the branches are pencil size you could TOP-WORK with a Cleft Graft with any good variety of Carabao Mango. If the branches are now too large i.e.,2 or more inches in diameter cut the branch with pruning saw,but leave a nursing branch to manufacture its food. Wait for 6 t0 8 months for a new branch to sprout,leave 3to 4 branches by pinching off the rest. AS the new branch are pencil size then cleft graft. Try to find A Thai CHOCANAN cultivar that bear fruits in two (2) years. I have lots of Chocanan scion in Sison ,Pangasinan. There chocanan scion also available from Bernie Dizon at Magalang, Pampanga. I LIVE in Illinois,USA going to Sison by September . If you want more info,pls email me. Lito S Lomahan

    by Lito S. Lomahan on Jul 25, 2011 at 2:42 am

  57. @Lito Hey, we go to the same guy. Very sweet himself, Ka Bernie.

    by imee on Jul 26, 2011 at 4:29 pm

  58. Mr. Ver Loquias: I saw your reply to Mr. Kanti Patel that a Kent mango is availble at Davao. There are Kent mango fruits for sale here in Chicago, Illinois USA from Mexico. This mango is very delicious like the chocanan from Thailand. I am interested to obtain a scion from your orchard to graft or to top-work into my seedlings at Sison Pangasinan. How could I contact you by Text. Internet is not available in the Barangay where I live. Ill be home a couple of months Sept. Lito Lomahan

    by Lito S. Lomahan on Aug 2, 2011 at 9:31 am

  59. LIT; TRY TO VISIT INSTITUTE OF PLANT BREEDING(ipb) in Los Banos., Laguna. Malay0 na dito sa Davao. from : ver loquias

    by VER LOQUIAS on Aug 4, 2011 at 2:35 pm

  60. Try to contact Ka Bernie–09175114404. He personally will tend to his babies.

    by imee on Aug 6, 2011 at 12:01 pm

  61. im cheryl mae i have a problem this activety can you help me…………………………………………….

    by cheryl mae Balili on Oct 15, 2011 at 1:29 pm

  62. what is your problem in particular cheryl?

    by lame jr. on Oct 15, 2011 at 11:46 pm


    by NELLY on Oct 19, 2011 at 4:33 am

  64. Nel; puede dito sa BPI-Davao ka mag training. turuan kita

    by VER LOQUIAS on Jan 10, 2012 at 2:05 pm

  65. I tried grafting roses in my garden in San Francisco, CA . I grafted 10 scions, only one was successful. I do not know what I did wrong. But my suspicion is that I have a bad scion. The successful one is going to have flowers, a small flower variety with five or more flowers in one stem. I do not know what kind of rose it is. The rootstock bears bigger flowers one flower in one stem. I tried grafting a calamansi scion to a avocado and apple tree. Did not do any good. I suspect they are not compatible. Please give some input. Thanks Fred

    by FRED MATEO on May 10, 2012 at 6:18 am

  66. Squirrels are eating my mango? Do do you suggest I do to protect them?

    by concessa on May 30, 2012 at 3:22 am

  67. Concessa: If your mango tree is standing alone and far from other trees or fence, prune the lower branch of the mango so the nasty squirrel could not jump from the ground to the branch, then try wrapping the trunk snug fit with a galvanized thin sheet metal from about a foot from the ground to about 36 inches upward. The sheet metal is slippery, hopefully this would solve your problem. Pls let me if it works. Lito S lomahan

    by Lito S Lomahan on May 30, 2012 at 8:16 pm

  68. fred,, yes its true that calamansi is not compatible with avocado..you can graft or bud calamansi to any citrus family..

    by virgilio loquias on May 30, 2012 at 9:52 pm

  69. Hi. please help me this- Im planning to grow mangoes on my 2hectares lot in calaug quezon but locals from that place says that Mangoes is not good in that area- it grows but didnt bear fruits- sometimes I almost agree with them -I saw several mangoes tress 5 years or more not producing any fruits- MAy I know your opinion on this- Thanks in advance don

    by don lerum on Jan 29, 2013 at 1:28 pm

  70. Where can we buy in Thailand, i need a lot hugo

    by Cosyns Hugo on Feb 6, 2013 at 7:21 pm

  71. hi can u advice me where i can training how to make mango fruits,because i have alot of mango trees its already 7yrs..in my hometown molave zamboanga del sur

    by paul on Mar 23, 2013 at 3:08 pm

  72. I would like to be updated via your newsletters. I am very much interested in Agriculture and Agro Business. Was trained on how to rear Grasscutter, Snail and Catfish. Hope to hear from you soonest. Thanks.

    by Kennedy Ogham on Jul 9, 2013 at 7:14 pm


    by LITO S. LOMAHAN on Jul 10, 2013 at 11:08 pm

  74. Nice work….keep it up

    by epm on Jul 13, 2014 at 8:20 am

  75. wow, amazing! ganito pala idwarf ang mango, so helpful thank you!

    by gemma on Jul 20, 2014 at 3:43 pm

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