How To Make a Dwarf Mango Tree

Posted by Manny on March 5th, 2008

mangoesMango, the country’s national fruit is considered as one of the finest in the world. It is the third most important fruit crop of the country based on export volume and value next to banana and pineapple. It has an established domestic market and has bright opportunities for the international market both in fresh or processed form. The country’s export variety, The “Carabao Mango” is one of the best varieties in the world.

But in order to harvest enough quantities for commercial purposes, you need to have a large land area to plant the trees. And as we are all aware of, mango trees are big and tall so the the harvesting will require labor cost that might not be feasible or might reduce our profit. And in addition to those disadvantages, harvesting is also time consuming and if we will use pesticides bigger trees will cost you more. So what is the solution then? we have to make trees smaller to reduce the overhead expenses. The following is how you create a dwarf mango tree by the technique of LOW BARK GRAFTING AND PRUNING OF MANGO TREE.

Mango like other tropical fruit trees is propagated by several methods:

  • Sexual –through seeds
  • Asexual- vegetative methods

Propagation by seeds results to enormous variability in the progenies. Therefore, asexual or vegetative methods are adopted to get true to type plants.

The technique of cleft grafting of mango in the Philippines is very common using tall and overgrown rootstock ( 1 meter high). Now, a new method of grafting is being


1. High number of trees per hectare
–India-3m x 2.5 m(1,333 plants/ha)
–Israel-3m x 5 m, 5 m x 8 m(200-600 plants/ ha)
–Thailand-200-600 plants/ha
–Australia-200-1000 plants/ha
3rd Mango Marketing Congress, August 15-16, 2006, Davao City

2. Easier management of trees:
– Pruning
– Pests and Disease Monitoring
– Minimal losses of fruits
– Minimal damage and bruises
– Easier bagging and harvesting
– Efficiency in spraying

So if you wanted to learn how to graft the mango tree, here are steps in Low Bark Grafting:

  • Prepare a mango root stock, it’s a mango seedling having a stem big enough to be grafted as shown in the picture below.

mango bark grafting

  • Decapitate or cut the stem leaving about 2 to 20 cm from the ground. Make a thin side cut in the bark so that you can insert the scion to graft it in. Take note that this is different from cleft grafting which is the most simplest kind of grafting where the cut is on the center of the stem. In bark grafting, only the bark should be cut to insert the scion. For more info with regards to grafting, follow this link => Grafting and Budding Nursery Crop Plants

mango bark grafting

  • Prepare the scion and cut the leaves. Only the stem should be left.

mango bark grafting

  • Make a V-shape cut on the end of the scion stem. Insert the scion into the side cut of the rootstock.

mango bark grafting

  • Wrap the joint of the rootstock and the scion tightly using a plastic strip.

mango bark grafting

  • Decapitate the apex to induce branching. Pinch-off the growing point to induce branching.

mango bark grafting

  • After 30 days expose the plants to little sunlight for hardening.

mango bark grafting

There you have it. It looks simple enough but I think the waiting is the hardest part. But after the many months of waiting it to grow, it will look like the picture below. Maybe after six years it will bear fruit and ready for mango fruit production.

dwarf mango tree

Source: (Dept. of Agriculture, Philippines)

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Posted by Manny

Manny Montala was an online entrepreneur who enjoys blogging about entrepreneurship and gathering information for his blog to help budding entrepreneurs. Like this post? Why not share it with your friends on Facebook, Twitter, Google plus, LinkedIn and Pinterest? Scroll up and see social icons above then click and share!

80 Responses to “How To Make a Dwarf Mango Tree”

  1. Manny says:

    @Nelson I’m sorry there are no training available on dwarfing mango trees in the Philipines.

  2. NELSON AMMEN says:

    I am still waiting for information on where to receive practical training in the Philippines on how to dwarf fruit trees.

  3. NELSON AMMEN says:

    Please, I wish to receive training on how to dwarf frut tress. Where can I obtain this training?

  4. Imran Musa says:

    I want to grow a large ultra high density mango orchard in Florida, USA using cultivars from Pakistan. Is there a root-stock that is dwarf in its characteristics or the dwarfing happens only as a result of low grafting and/or pruning. 2. Can I induce flowering/fruiting within 2 years and every year?
    Thank you.

  5. Nobin Prasad Neopani says:

    I am from Bhutan. I have planted grafted mango in my garden. I want to learn to do grafting. I need a training. Please kindly help me where can I get help?

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