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Goat Raising


Posted by Manny on September 18th, 2007

goat raisingGoat raising in the Philippines have not been fully tapped because most of the people prefer cow’s milk. We import from other countries just to sustain our needs for cow’s milk. and with regards to goat’s meat, others don’t like the taste because they say goats are “mapanghi or maanggo” (smells like urine) similar to lamb. And since very few livestock raisers go in to goat raising we seldom see those in wet markets and supermarket maybe because you need to know how to prepare goat meat before cooking to lessen the “smell” unlike beef, pork or chicken which doesn’t require much knowledge in cooking.

Guide to Goat Raising

There are two ways of raising goats: one is it can be reared in the pastureland, number two is it can be reared in cages which has more advantages such as:

1. Cage-reared goats are less exposed to parasites.
2. They are better fed, and so the mother goat gives more milk.
3. Less field space is necessary for growing fodder and grass. For every six (6) females and one male goat, one-fourth (1/4) hectare of land would be enough.
4. The caged goats are easier tended and controlled.

However, more capital is necessary, and needs a worker to gather fodder to feed the goats and clean the cages. As preparation for the pasteur, plant such grasses and plants that the goats will need, like paragrass,napier,madre de cacao (kakawate), alibangbang and ipil-ipil. Apply as fertilizer for these plants the dried goat manure so as to make them flourish.

For the cage you will need:

1. Wooden house, bamboo floor, with roof and open sides.
2. The floor is about 1.5 meters high from the ground so as to facilitate cleaning the manure.
3. At the sides of the house, provide food and drinking water.
4. Provide space outside to allow roaming around.
5. The nursing mothers and the weaning kids should have a separate house. One side must have a divider to separate the small ones from the mother at night.
6. Six (6) male goats are housed together.

Feeding the Goats

1. The aforementioned plants are feed for goats.
2. Do not give too much for each meal, of fresh forage.
3. Goats do not like dirty grass or acidic (spoiled) food.
4. They like variety of grasses for each meal.

Breeding

1. When the goats are about 6-8 months old, select good breeder and milker females and aggressive males.
2. A female goat may be mated at age 10-12 months. A male goat is ready to mate at age12 months. At the start, let him mate only a few, but as it grows older, the male goat can mate as many as 25 at age one and a half years.
3. A female goats fertile period lasts 2-3 days.

The signs are:
a. it begins to bleat (me-e-eh) and wags its tail.
b. it urinates often.
c. the genital is inflamed and secretes mucous
d. the goat rides on other goats.

4. Mating should be once in the morning and once in the afternoon, and repeat next morning to be sure that there was fertilization.
5.. Then separate the mated females. These will be pregnant in three (3) weeks if they would not manifest flirting.

Parturition (Delivery)

1. The goats gestation period is 145-155 days. Thus, the day of mating should be recorded.
2. When the time of delivery is near, the mother goat bleats (cries me-e-eh), discharges mucous from the genital, is cranky and scratches her bed.
3. At delivery, her mucous discharge is yellowish.
4. When the kid is coming out of its mother, help the delivery by pulling out the kid, but make sure that the hands of the helper are clean. Apply alcohol on the hands to avoid infection. Normally, the head comes out first. The kids are often two, rarely three.
5. Wipe the nose of the newly born kid to enable it to breathe freely.
6. Apply iodine at the end of the umbilical cord, and put a knot or tie it.
7. When the kids are four (4) days old, remove the newly growing horns to keep them from hurting one another. Only a veterinarian or one with experience should undertake this.
8. Others are: putting of mark on the ear one week after birth; cut off the nails once a month, and castration from one to four months old.

Milking

1. Milk the mother goat five (5) days after delivery. Continue milking up to 3-5 months until the kids are weaned, or 60 days before another delivery.
2. Milk the goat in the early morning before the kids suck.
3. If the mother goat has abundant milk, she can be milked again toward afternoon.
4. Give the mother goat 200 to 300 gm concentrate daily to increase her milk.

Weaning

If the goat is raised to milk, do not totally wean the kid from the mother when this is 3-5 days old. Separate the kid from the mother at night. If milk production is only secondary, separate the kid totally when this is 3 months old. Make sure the kids are fed and given water while they are separated from the mother. In this way, the kids will quickly learn to eat and drink even while still young.
Care
1. Allow the goats to exercise themselves 3-4 hours outside their cage.
2. Give them regular vaccination against disease.
3. Separate the sick and call for a veterinarian.

The common sicknesses of the goat are pneumonia and parasites.

Pneumonia:
Usually affects the goat with the onset and toward the end of the rainy season. Do not allow them to be exposed to rain or draft. Signs of pneumonia are difficult and fast breathing. Give the goat liquamycin, Tylan 200 or Combiotic injection.

Parasites:
Give the goat tetrazole or thixbenzole every six months.

Source: Greenfields Jan & Feb 1990 & PCARRD Farmers Dec 198

Bathing the Goat

A goat raiser from Miag-ao, Iloilo, made a study on the effect of giving a bath to his goats. Giving the same food, one group was given a bath once a week, and the other not. It was observed that the goats given a weekly bath grew and gained weight faster than those not given a bath. They were weighed every two weeks. The goats were slaughtered after three months. It was also seen that the meat of those given baths were more acceptable in taste and color and had less odor than those not given baths.

Manner of bathing the goats
1. Pour about two (2) liters water on each goat.
2. Then follow with a liter of water with a tablespoon soap. Let this stay on the goats body for about 3 minutes.
3. Rinse with about seven liters water.
4. Let them get dry before bringing them back to the cage.

Source: Province of Sorsogon Website – http://elgu2.ncc.gov.ph/ppdo-sor/

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Posted by Manny

Manny Montala was an online entrepreneur who enjoys blogging about entrepreneurship and gathering information for his blog to help budding entrepreneurs. You can also reach him on twitter: http://twitter.com/mmontalaLike this post? Why not share it with your friends on facebook? Click the facebook share button!



24 Responses to “Goat Raising”

  1. miks says:

    is there an instance that te goat which you givew a bath will be die or some thing bad?>???

  2. Manuel says:

    Hi Miks, Maybe not because I see goats near our place on a vacant lot grazing and they are there rain or shine.

  3. Edil T. Mobreros says:

    Hi, I need estimates for initial cost of raising 20 heads of goats, please give me housing details and forage preparation and management. I have a farmlot in Mati, Davao Oriental planted with coconut and mango trees. Do i need to fence off the total land area (3.95ha)or selective fencing only. Thanks and regards, Edil T. Mobreros Jeddah, KSA

  4. Manuel says:

    Hello Edil, Sorry I can’t give the details since I’m running a goat business myself. If you want to go into this business seriously, why not take a TLRC course? there is one available this coming September 2008(see my latest post).

  5. sha says:

    hi. How long do a female goat be in heat.

  6. MArio P. Astudillo says:

    please send me templates of goat raising project proposal please………..

  7. alberto says:

    i just want to inquire if you sale pair of goat. if evr how much it wl cost for one pair or how much is ta male and female. thanks and God bless!!!

  8. castillo jr. says:

    im interested to raise boer goats. do u have any idea how much will it cost if i intend to buy 6 female and 1 male. i have an area of 1.5 hectares in rosario,batangas

  9. florante says:

    please i need help. i’m from la union. i want to buy goats for breeding preferably boer, anglo-nubian or saanen. but most farms which sites i visited on the Net were very far from our place. so please i want to know the location of farms nearest to our place and the price of a 1 year old buck and a doe. please help…

  10. lloyd says:

    Thanks… this info is very useful. Had just started my small goat farm…

  11. Alex says:

    Those of you who are interested in goat raising, join the goat raisers yahoo group. here is the link: http://groups.yahoo.com/group/goatraisers/. Here you can study your future projects. Maraming magbabahagi ng mga karanasan nila.

  12. Don Valera says:

    Hello, Me alam po kayong nagbebenta ng goat ear tagger/tag d2 sa PI? Thank you…

  13. lloyd says:

    Try this site… for the Goat Farm supplies… http://fgaspapi.com/goat-farm-supplies

  14. ac says:

    ilan po ba dapat ang estimated weight ng goat bago sila ibenta?

  15. ac says:

    nid ko po yung answer nyo asap para sa aming feasibility study. tnx po!

  16. candie says:

    most sites teach us how to raise goats but where do we sell it? mahirap ba magbenta ng goat meat? thanks.

  17. ANTONIO P . GEBANA says:

    kindly send a proposal for 100 hds goay im here in ethiopia working the ministry of education thanks regards sa pinoys

  18. Ann says:

    I am interested in the TLRC course. Can anyone send me information please. vegascooldoggy@yahoo.com

  19. Manuel says:

    @Ann Every month there is a scheduled training from TRC and I also post it in this blog monthly so my readers would know the schedules too. Just wait on I’ll post the newest TRC training for January 2011.

  20. jigz says:

    hi…san po pde mkbuy ng goat sa iloilo or antique??

  21. yheya says:

    what are the different technical aspects on how you are going to take good care of the goats and its kid?? as well as some other factors about contract growing?? thanks and good day! :)

  22. yanyan tangente says:

    good day ..please give me information on what breed of goat that is very good in producing chevron and very in demand to philippine market now adays. i shall appreciate for the information you will give to me. have a nice day ahead.

  23. jeremae melgar says:

    good day poh….. please halp me becuse i need the answer on this question. what is goat raising?

  24. Tony says:

    Do you have margin feasibilities for goat raising?

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